Vegetation as an Indicator of Soil Properties and Water Quality in the Akarcay Stream (Turkey)

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Journal: Environ Manage 2008/07/03
Published: 2008
Authors: Serteser, A.;Kargiotaoglu, M.;Icaga, Y.;Konuk, M.
Address: Faculty of Science and Literature, Afyon Kocatepe University, ANS Campus, 03200, Afyonkarahisarkarahisar, Turkey.

In this study, the relationship among water quality, soil properties, and plant coverage in the region of the Akarcay stream was examined. Correlation analyses were carried out between soil samples taken from each of four plant communities in the Akarcay basin and water in the Akarcay stream. The four plant communities in the study area are as follows: Limonium lilacinum (Boiss. et Bal.) Wag., Alhagi pseudalhagi (M. Bieb.) Desv. Peganum harmala L., and Hordeum marinum Huds. subsp. marinum. B, Cl, EC, K, Mg, Na, pH, and SO(4) data from both soil and water samples were subjected to statistical analysis, and significant correlations were obtained (p < 0.05). These correlations indicated that the chemical features of the soil had a major effect on water quality. The important parameters were B, Cl, EC, K, Mg, Na, pH, and SO(4) for Limonium lilacinum communities; Ca, K, and pV for Peganum harmala; and B, Cl, Mg, pH, and pV for Alhagi pseudalhagi. There were also statistically significant relationships (p < 0.05) among the parameters examined. These findings strongly suggested that these plant communities can be used as indicators for soil chemistry and water quality.

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