A water quality monitoring network design methodology for the selection of critical sampling points: part II
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|Journal:||Environ Monit Assess 2006/02/28|
|Authors:||Strobl, R. O.;Robillard, P. D.;Day, R. L.;Shannon, R. D.;McDonnell, A. J.|
|Address:||Water Resources Department, Institute for Geo-Information Science and Earth Observation, Enschede, The Netherlands. firstname.lastname@example.org|
In order to resolve the spatial component of the design of a water quality monitoring network, a methodology has been developed to identify the critical sampling locations within a watershed. This methodology, called Critical Sampling Points (CSP), focuses on the contaminant total phosphorus (TP), and is applicable to small, predominantly agricultural-forested watersheds. The CSP methodology was translated into a model, called Water Quality Monitoring Station Analysis (WQMSA). It incorporates a geographic information system (GIS) for spatial analysis and data manipulation purposes, a hydrologic/water quality simulation model for estimating TP loads, and an artificial intelligence technology for improved input data representation. The model input data include a number of hydrologic, topographic, soils, vegetative, and land use factors. The model also includes an economic and logistics component. The validity of the CSP methodology was tested on a small experimental Pennsylvanian watershed, for which TP data from a number of single storm events were available for various sampling points within the watershed. A comparison of the ratios of observed to predicted TP loads between sampling points revealed that the model's results were promising.