Chronic toxicity tests with Daphnia magna for examination of river water quality

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Journal: J Environ Sci Health B 2001/04/03
Published: 2001
Authors: Sakai, M.
Address: Yokohama Environmental Research Institute, Takigashira, Isogo, Japan.

Chronic toxicity tests with Daphnia magna were applied for examination of river water quality. Water was sampled from the Maioka River in Yokohama City on May 14, 20, and 27, 1999, and used for the test after solid-phase extraction. The chronic test was carried out according to the OECD method. The duration was 21 days and the total number of live offspring produced per parent animal was counted. The results of the tests showed, survival rates of 100% using river water sampled on May 14 and 20 and the total numbers of live offspring produced per parent animal did not differ from the control. However, the survival rate of the sample collected on May 27 was 0% and the pesticides, fenitrothion, and thiobencarb were detected in the water. In addition to the river water samples, reconstituted water (Elendt M7) with additions of fenitrothion and thiobencarb was prepared to investigate mortality. When the reconstituted water with thiobencarb was applied to the test, the total number of live offspring produced per parent animal did not differ from the control. In contrast, when reconstituted water with fenitrothion was applied to the test, most parents were alive, but the total number of live offspring produced per parent animal was apparently different. The results of the above tests indicate that D. magna was affected not only by fenitrothion in the river water collected on May 27, but also by other factors that were not clarified in this study.

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